April 21, 2024

Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention and more

Diabetes is very common in today’s time. Diabetes is catching up fast in the way it has become a lifestyle nowadays. The situation is that not only older people but in today’s time youth and children are also falling in the grip of diabetes.

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This is such a dangerous disease, which gradually hollows the body. Once this disease occurs, it remains with it for life. This disease occurs due to increased blood sugar and insulin does not work properly.

Reasons of Diabetes

Today we are giving you every information related to diabetes.

You must be aware that due to non-functioning or complete failure of the pancreas gland of our body, diabetes is caused. Although there are many other factors of diabetes, but the pancreatic gland is the biggest reason for it.

Actually, different types of hormones are released from the pancreas gland, among these are insulin and glucan. Insulin is very useful for our body. It is through insulin that our cells get sugar in our blood, that is, insulin works to deliver sugar to other parts of the body. The cells or cells get energy from the sugar delivered by insulin.

The cause of diabetes is low production of insulin hormone. When insulin is made less, sugar does not reach the cells properly and in the blood, due to which the energy of the cells starts decreasing and for this reason the body starts harming.

Problems such as fainting, rapid heartbeat, etc. Apart from this, the 3 reasons mentioned below are also responsible for having diabetes.

  • Due to low production of insulin, sugar in the blood becomes high and it cause less physical energy, sugar keeps on accumulating in the blood so that it is excreted through urine. For this reason, the diabetic patient has frequent urination.
  • Diabetes is a genetic disease. The main reason of diabetes is your genes too. If any of your family members, parents, siblings, then your chances of getting diabetes in future also increase.
  • People who are obese are also at higher risk of developing diabetes. Your weight is very high, your BP is very high and your cholesterol is not balanced even then you can have diabetes. Apart from this, lack of exercise also invites diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes ?

  • You will feel tired all day. Even after getting enough sleep every day, as soon as you wake up in the morning, you feel that your sleep is not complete and the body is tired. These things indicate that the level of sugar in the blood is continuously increasing.
  • Frequent urination occurs due to diabetes. When a large amount of sugar accumulates in the body, it comes out of the urinary tract, due to which the diabetic patient starts complaining of frequent urination.
  • A diabetic patient often feels thirsty. Since the water and sugar of the body comes out through the urine, due to which there is always a state of feeling thirsty. People often take this thing lightly and do not understand that their disease has started now.
  • The diabetes has a great impact on the eyes. In diabetic patients, at the very beginning of the disease, the eyesight starts decreasing and blurred vision starts. To see any object, he has to strain his eyes.
  • At the very beginning of diabetes, sudden weight loss starts rapidly. Compared to normal days, the weight of a man suddenly starts decreasing.
  • The weight of a diabetic patient is less but there is also an increase in appetite. Man’s appetite increases manifold as compared to other days. There is always desire to eat food again and again.
  • If you get an injury or a wound somewhere in your body and it does not heal quickly, even if there is a small scratch, it will gradually turn into a big wound and the signs of infection will start showing clearly in it.
  • Any kind of infection in the body of a diabetic patient does not get cured quickly. If you get viral, cough-cold or any bacterial infection, then you will not get relief. Small infections that easily heal on their own can become enlarged sores.
  • Many skin diseases start occurring in the beginning of diabetes. Common skin infections become large sores.

Essential test for diabetes

1) Glucose Test

People who are suffering from diabetes must get their glucose tested from time to time. Because if the glucose level of a diabetic patient increases, then it can be very dangerous for the patient. Along with this, blood test is also necessary for diabetics, it shows whether the kidneys are working properly or not. Diabetes has a great effect on the kidney. Keeps the patient away from kidney problems with regular check-ups.

2) Cholesterol Test

Ignoring Cholesterol can also be very costly. Because in diabetics, the risk of heart disease doubles when cholesterol increases. The amount of glucose in the blood can slow down the movement of bad cholesterol, due to which it becomes sticky and this is the reason why cholesterol starts building up rapidly. Bad cholesterol accumulates in the arteries of the blood and causes problems related to the heart.

3) Blood Pressure Test

High blood pressure testing is similar to the ‘silent killer’. High blood pressure in diabetics can prove to be quite fatal. High blood pressure in diabetes can also lead to heart disease, heart attack, kidney and eye problems. To avoid all this, it is important that you get your blood pressure checked regularly.

4) Foot examination

Patients with diabetes may have foot problems. If there is any problem of the feet in diabetes, it should be taken seriously because in this the sensitivity of the feet starts decreasing gradually. Therefore, the smallest injury to the feet can be dangerous for infection patients.

5) Eyes Test

When the level of glucose in the blood remains elevated for a long time, its direct effect falls on the retina. This is called retinopathy. The damage caused to the eyes is not easily detected, for this it is necessary for the patient to have regular check-ups. If retinopathy is not treated early, the patient can also become blind. Sometimes a diabetic patient has blurred vision. In this case, contact the doctor at the earliest.

Diabetes treatment

Diabetes is a disease whose treatment is not dependent on any medicine. It is a lifestyle related disease and you can get rid of this disease only by changing your lifestyle. People who are not serious even after being hit by a dangerous disease like diabetes, that is, they do not stop eating sweets, are fond of fast food, do not pay attention to increasing weight, do not exercise or do yoga, drink alcohol and eat sweets.

It becomes very difficult to live for those people who do not stop. Whereas if the patient is serious about his disease and makes necessary changes in his lifestyle, then it is possible to get rid of diabetes.

How to prevent diabetes

You can protect yourself from becoming vulnerable to diabetes by eating a diet low in calories, especially low in saturated fat. Eat more and more vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, dairy products and sources of omega-3 fats and definitely include it in your diet. Apart from this, consume more amount of fiber as well.

The more you stress, the more likely you are to follow unhealthy habits. It has been found in many researches that due to stress, the secretion of hormones is inhibited and this increases the level of blood glucose. So try ways to avoid stress.

There is no evidence that diabetes can be permanently prevented. As you age, your risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and other health problems that are associated with diabetes also increases. Therefore, after the age of 45, it is important to have regular complete health check-ups every year.

What are the challenges of diabetes ?

Diabetes is a disease that affects other organs as well. Although its effect is not visible in other organs in this disease, but if the amount of sugar in the blood increases, then due to this, other organs also start getting affected in 5-10 years.

  • Due to this, there may be some malfunction in the kidneys, in the eyes, in the nerves of the legs.
  • Heart disease is most likely to progress. Due to this, there is a high risk of paralysis and interruption of blood circulation in the leg.
  • Due to this, if there is an artery block, then a heart attack can occur.
  • Apart from this, the possibility of brain stroke increases due to the interruption of blood supply to the brain. This situation does not come suddenly but it is due to 10 years old history.
  • Apart from this, there are problems related to microvascular, it is related to kidney, if this happens then treatment becomes difficult.

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