April 21, 2024

Heart Attack : Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

Due to the carelessness related to poor lifestyle, the risk of heart-related diseases is increasing in people. Heart attack or heart attack is a serious disease, which needs immediate treatment because if the condition of heart attack is left without treatment, it can prove to be fatal or life-threatening for any person.

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Heart attack in medical language is known as myocardial infection. A heart attack occurs when a blood clot forms, causing a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen to the heart muscle.

Blockages in the coronary arteries completely restrict blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle, causing chest pain and pressure, which can be fatal and fatal. Let us go into detail about the main causes and remedies of heart attack from our article.

Main Causes of Heart Attack

1) Diet

Wrong eating habits like excessive consumption of junk food, consumption of more fried and spicy food etc. cause heart attack. In fact, trans fat is found in abundance in junk food and fried foods, which is harmful for health.

2) Genetics

If a parent or sibling has had a history of heart disease in your family for generations, you may be more likely to have a heart attack or heart attack than usual. According to doctors, the cause of heart attack at an early age is genetic or genetic, which is further aggravated by poor lifestyle.

3) Age

Older people have a higher risk of heart attack, especially those over the age of 65. On the other hand, according to experts, men over the age of 45 and women above the age of 55 are more likely to have a heart attack.

4) Gender

By gender, men were 2 to 3 times more likely to have a heart attack than women. In fact, women have a hormone called estrogen, due to which women are protected from heart attack till menopause. After menopause, the level of a hormone called estrogen decreases in women and the risk of heart attack increases in women. This is why the average age of heart attack is 55 in women, compared to 45 for men.

5) High blood pressure

High blood pressure is the main cause of heart attack. In fact, when blood pressure rises, the heart has to work harder to pump blood around the body. Due to which there is more pressure on the heart, which causes heart attack.

6) Bad cholesterol

High levels of bad cholesterol, or LDL, in the body lead to heart attacks. In fact, high levels of bad cholesterol have a negative effect on your arteries, due to which your veins become narrow and the risk of heart attack increases.

7) Intoxication

People who smoke and use drugs are more likely to have a heart attack. In fact, smoking and substance abuse harden your arteries and raise your blood pressure levels. All these factors increase your risk of heart attack.

8) Obesity

If you are suffering from the problem of obesity, then do not take it lightly because obesity can become a major cause of heart attack. In fact, according to a research, the risk of diseases related to heart disease increases due to fat in the body. Being overweight puts stress on the heart, which increases the risk of heart attack. Apart from this, obesity can increase the level of sugar and bad cholesterol in your body. All these factors are risk factors for heart attack.

9) Sugar

High blood sugar increases the risk of heart attack. In fact, due to the increase in the level of sugar in the blood, the coronary arteries narrow, due to which the process of blood vessels gets blocked and the risk of heart attack increases. Apart from this, some sugar patients do not show symptoms like chest pain and cold hands and feet at the time of heart attack. In such a situation, sugar patients get silent heart attack.

Also read | Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention and more

10) Mental stress

According to the specialist doctor, due to the stressful life, the disease of heart attack is making people their victims even at a young age. In addition, stress is known to raise your blood pressure levels, which is a major risk factor behind heart attacks.

Symptoms of Heart Attack

• Feeling of pain and pressure in the chest.
• Chest tightness and sneezing.
• Pain in the arm, neck, jaw or back
• Difficulty in breathing.
• Excessive cold sweating
• Sudden increase or decrease in heartbeat.
• Nausea and abdominal pain.
• Sudden dizziness.
• Feeling tired.

Pay attention to these special things to prevent heart attack

1) Exercise regularly. Exercise helps in keeping you physically and mentally healthy.

2) Do not let stress and anxiety dominate you so much that it starts harming you, so to manage stress, do meditation.

3) Avoid smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol.

4) Keep your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels checked.

5) Eat a balanced and nutritious diet and eat low-fat foods.

6) Stay physically active and focus on your diet to control obesity.

7) Get enough sleep for a healthy body and heart.


Treatment of heart attack

Heart attack is a disease that requires emergency treatment to the patient. The doctor may prescribe several drugs to the patient such as aspirin, thrombolytics, antiplatelet agents, pain relievers, statins and beta blockers to reduce the damage to the patient’s heart immediately.

Apart from this, the following tests such as ECG or electrocardiogram, blood tests, echocardiography, angiography and cardiac CT or MRI may be done by doctors for better diagnosis of heart attack.

Thanks for reading this article.

Also read | 10 Side effects of eating Junk food – Fit Health Code

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